Rainfall patterns on the globe represent our research thrust on global climate change while the artistic depiction of the variability of Indian rainfall extremes represents our focus on regional changes and their extremes as exemplified by our new paper in Nature Climate Change.
This image shows dipole edges in the year 1948-1967 in the NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Pressure data. Dipoles in the global sea surface pressure identified via data driven analysis.
This animation shows global forest cover change detected using data mining techniques applied to NASA MODIS EVI data at 1km spatial resolution. Red dots denote large scale changes in the global vegetation due to events such as forest fires, deforestation, droughts, floods, urbanization.
Major droughts over the past 100 years detected using a MRF (Markov Random Field) from CRU data.
Understanding Climate Change
Climate change is the defining environmental challenge facing our planet, yet there is considerable uncertainty regarding the social and environmental impact due to the limited capabilities of existing physics-based models of the Earth system. Consequently, important questions relating to food security, water resources, biodiversity, and other socio-economic issues over relevant temporal and spatial scales remain unresolved. A new and transformative approach is required to understand the potential impact of climate change. Data driven approaches that have been highly successful in other scientific disciplines hold significant potential for application in environmental sciences. This Expeditions project addresses key challenges in the science of climate change by developing methods that take advantage of the wealth of climate and ecosystem data available from satellite and ground-based sensors, the observational record for atmospheric, oceanic, and terrestrial processes, and physics-based climate model simulations. These innovative approaches help provide an improved understanding of the complex nature of the Earth system and the mechanisms contributing to the adverse consequences of climate change, such as increased frequency and intensity of hurricanes, precipitation regime shifts, and the propensity for extreme weather events that result in environmental disasters. Methodologies developed as part of this project will be used to gain actionable insights and to inform policymakers.
Expeditions in Computing
NSF Awards: 1029711, 1029166, 1029731, 1028746
This 5-year, $10 Million project is funded by an award from the National Science Foundation's Expeditions in Computing program. The program, established in 2008 by NSF's Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE), is aimed at pushing the boundaries of computer science research. The awards represent the single largest investments by the directorate in basic computer science research.
The project team, led by the University of Minnesota, includes faculty and researchers from Minnesota's College of Science and Engineering, College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences, College of Liberal Arts, and the Institute on the Environment, as well as researchers from North Carolina A & T State University, North Carolina State University, Northwestern University, and Northeastern University.
July 30, 2014
Evan Kodra and Auroop Ganguly were featured in an NSF highlight, Climate change research goes to the extremes, which referenced their recent paper, Asymmetry of projected increases in extreme temperature distributions, that was published in the journal Scientific Reports, published by Nature.
May 27, 2014
James Faghmous' thesis, "Climate change and variability: A spatio-temporal data mining perspective", won the 2014 University of Minnesota's Best Dissertation Award in Physical Sciences and Engineering. The thesis was further nominated for the Council of Graduate School's Outstanding Dissertation Award and the winner will be announced in December 2014.